Egypt is an African Arab country located in the Middle East and North Africa region bordering on the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Libya to the west, Palestine and Jordan to the northeast, and the Red Sea and Saudi Arabia to the east, and Sudan to the south.

The Egyptian market is in a unique geographic strategic location which makes Egypt a crossroads for East and West, and hence a significant player in international trade in the MENA region especially because of the location of Suez Canal which connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea. Egypt has also a vast number of ports that serve the importation and exportation transactions.

The total area of Egypt is 1,001,450 sq km including 995,450 sq km of land and 6,000 sq km of water.

According to the Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics, the number of Egyptians inside the country has reached 82 million in 2012 and the number of Egyptians abroad is approx. 8 million, making a total population of 90 million Egyptians.

Egypt is divided into 27 governorates, 217 cities and 4617 villages. Governorates with the highest population are: (i) Cairo (10.8 per cent); (ii) Giza (8.6 per cent); and (iii) Sharqiyya (7.4 per cent).