Strategically positioned at the crossroads of three continents, Qatar is a sovereign Arab state, located in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Qatar is a peninsula in the east of Arabia and shares its southern border with Saudi Arabia, while the remainder of its territory is surrounded by the Arabian Gulf. The capital, Doha, is located on the central east coast and is the major administrative, commercial and population centre.

Qatar’s position near major petroleum deposits gives it a strategic location. Known for its wealth of oil and natural gas reserves, Qatar has one of the world’s fastest growing economies. For example, by achieving 77 million tons per annum production capacity, Qatar is now the world’s leading exporter of liquefied natural gas. The total area of Qatar is approximately 11,571 km². At the time of writing, the population of Qatar is 2,106,576 people (according to the Qatari Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics). Fewer than 250,000 of these people are Qatari citizens.